Architect From The Time Period Between Prehistory And Pre 18th Century
Architectural works were the most original and lasting form of art during these periods. Gothic architecture started in 12th- century France and lasted for four centuries up to the 16th century. However, it was replaced Renaissance from the 15th century to the 17th century from Italy. The architectural style was made from due to various aspects such as cultures, socio-economic factors, different time backgrounds and aesthetical standards from the beginning. The works represented their nations and time, becoming a particular language. Moreover, it is an expression of people’s culture during those times (Morris & William). The research paper will be concerned with the discussion of Gothic architecture in France, Italy, and England beginning from 12th century to the 16th century lasting for four years.
Cultural aspects of the Gothic architecture
The imagery provided by the Gothic structural design was something they could understand easily and embrace. They used symbols in their pagan worship in the design of their works such as buildings. The impetus of this architecture was the Roman Catholic Church which sought to indicate their house of worship as something that transcends the realm of humankind. The buildings were made a place of worship for many people to fulfill their religious duties and worship of their deity at that time. During that time, the Romans in the significant parts of Europe initiated the development and design of churches. Gothic architecture was the Zenith of European medieval architecture (Wilson & Christopher).
Moreover, Amien cathedrals are the most typical gothic architecture which is the tallest Cathedral building in France. It has a nave high of 42.30M and an interior volume estimated to be at 200,000 m3. It was said to accommodate all the people in Amiens town at that time and more than sufficient. It is described in books and other writings that Amiens cathedral is the noblest church that the people has ever built for God during that time in history. Therefore, the religious beliefs and cultural aspects made the people design something extraordinary for worship and other religious activities. These ideas ended up affecting the development of towns and homestead coping from the design since they wanted something different from God. The idea brought the evolution of some techniques for new building. The sculptures and the kind of paintings were derived from religious aspects to portray character and Novelty seeking for accurate human histology (Stoddard & Whitney).
Gothic architecture came from Romanesque which then flourished during the high and late medieval. It then spread through entire Europe especially the south and middle the Europe’s architecture was profoundly influenced. Moreover, Europe achieved much regarding architecture due to the rapid growth in trade and the development of the artisan industry. Therefore, with the level of competition and the mutual weal of the people to develop their town, they gained interest to improve their buildings to attract more trade and show their level of skills. The gothic buildings were essential to the people since they represented nation’s wealth and pride. They came up with features such as the ribbed vault in their structures for improvement. The ribbed vault was made by joining together three separate but connected arches. These are simply the transverse arches that span the end of the vaults that reach from one corner of the building to the other. The construction style dominated the medieval because it provides strength to the structure and also it is flexible (Toman & Rolf).
The period influences
The significant character of the Gothic period, especially at the onset, was the predominance of architecture and all the arts were determined by it. The Gothic architecture was tall and inspiring due to its significant improvement in the design. Its contribution during the voyage time revolutionized the habit of time and a profound influence on the social, religious and political cultures. Most of the churches and political buildings such as halls situated and elevated at the center of great cities made use of the Gothic architecture. The Gothic cathedral buildings of worship were the most powerful buildings for religious activities that spread throughout Europe.
The Gothic revival in the modern ages was recognized in the building styles. Although the revival of Gothic was mainly practiced in Europe, it became the integral style in America and Colombia. The Gothic buildings present in the modern society in Europe, America and other parts of the world. For example, The Gothic revival in St. Patrick Cathedral in New York and other prime examples are present in the US, representing its use in the modern society. The effect of the style lingers in the eclectic work of the 19th and 20th century (Hassard).
The Gothic architecture made numerous contributions to the world of architecture that influenced the building characteristic of that time and the present. It also influenced the social, religious and political cultures throughout Europe. It was developed and designed to assist in building something good for the God of worship. Therefore, this was evident through the Gothic cathedrals in France and entire Europe. The style was later adopted in the modern society.