Effects Of Exercise On Pulse And Blood Pressure
Arterial blood Pressure can be described as the density of blood present in the arterial organism and it is measured by a sphygmomanometer on the upper part of the arm. Pressure is generated as blood from the left ventricle is pumped out and to the arteries. The cardiac output, central venous pressure together with systematic vascular resistance determines the mean arterial pressure through the following liaison MAP = (CO × SVR) + CVP that is based on the correlation amongst pressure, resistance and flow. Blood pressure reading is a measure of the amount of pressure within an artery during the contraction and relaxing of the heart. The measure is indicated in two numbers as a ratio where the upper number indicates the systolic blood pressure and the lower number indicates the diastolic blood pressure. The ideal blood pressure is considered as below 120/80mmhg though the Heart Association of America does not consider a ratio below 140/90 as high. The arterial blood pressure is influenced by factors like vessels elasticity, volume of blood, pressure propelling the heart, arterial walls resistance and blood viscosity. However, a number of factors influence alterations on blood pressure as explained below.
The factors influencing arterial blood pressure could be grouped into two: those that can be controlled and those that we have very little influence about. Factors like family history of diabetes or kidney diseases, above 35 years of age and existing as an African American cannot be controlled but there are many others that we can actually control bearing in mind that inappropriate blood pressure can be very lethal to our health. These are factors like nutrition, smoking, alcohol, stress and exercise.
Exercise is much related with blood pressure. Through exercise blood pressure is said to decrease hence lowering the risk of high blood pressure. Adults are usually recommended to ensure 150 minutes of cardiovascular exercise such as swimming, walking and cycling. Everyone should try and increase their daily activity by applying alternatives like use of stairs instead of elevators and walking to and from routine places instead of riding on buses. Exercise if done regularly is very beneficial to the internal body. A person will gain a strong heart and a good circulatory system if on regular exercise hence the conclusion that exercise has both a long term and short benefit to pulse rate and blood pressure.
Exercise increases the body need for oxygen and blood hence the faster heart pumping .The pulse rate being a direct amount of heartbeats in a minute tend to increase as one exercises. In physical activities the heart becomes more efficient and actually it is enabled to pump larger amount of blood with little effort meaning that it will not beat as rapidly as when a person is idle. The benefit derived thus is as the pump slows its pressure on the arteries is lowered as well as stress. In the long run, a consistent person in exercise should witness a decrease in the resting pulse as well as blood pressure.
In conclusion, health is determined much by our lifestyle right from nutrition to exercise. The kind of food we eat simply translates our overall health. Conditions of Blood pressure are on the increase due to factors that can simply be avoided if recognized. Thus, there is a need to educate people even more on need for exercise and proper diet.