Hinduism Jainism Buddhism Sikhism Daoism Laozi and the Kongzi
Even though both the Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Daoism, Laozi and the Kongzi religions both originated from the Asian continent especially in India and China, both have unique and similar characteristics that make them distinct from each other. Their primary differences follow the belief concerning what and how they worship and that include when they come to existence. For example, the Hindu religion started back around 200 BCE with a major believe that it is the mother god that created the whole world and that the world began with an egg to which they referred as the golden egg (Dhaliwal, 2012). On the other hand, Buddhism origin can be traced to around 535BCE when it was developed out of the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama with their original belief of not focusing on the description of life after death.
Sikhism, on the contrary, is more of a modern religion than the others having started almost 1500 years ago, with a belief in the existence of one God to whom they devote their love to. Sikhs believe that God is the same one who peoples all over the world worship but only with different names and was founded by Guru Nanak (Dhaliwal, 2012). However, Jainism origin can be traced back to the sixth centur with no particular founder but was just based on a belief that the world has no beginning or an end but just begun as a piece of paper. It is based around discipline including an extreme stress on various methods and ways that make a person very pragmatic and focused on his approaches.
Regarding Daoism, this religion has traces of China in its origin back around 1046 BCE between the Shang dynasty and the Zhou dynasty as the brainchild of different scholars of the two dynasties. The religion principles are based on philosophical traditions, multiples of self-cultivation and the longevity techniques including various religious sects. On the other hand, Laozi originated from the Daoism, which in simple terms means an old master. Laozi’s book centralizes on the philosophy to which it asserts a practice that relates to improvements of harmony in life. It teaches that an individual can best harmonize with the natural flow of life by being both receptive and quit. Additionally, Kongzi religion traces its origin back in the sixth century by then Master Kong with primary emphasis on the cultivation of various moral virtues and the connection between the human rulers and heaven, including the political involvement as the means of transforming the world.
The difference among these religions lies in the approach each path takes upon an individual. Hinduism believes in diversity consisting of multiple ways of prescribed for people containing different ideologies. That led to thieve in the existence of many gods for one to choose from, many sects to join including many ceremonies and rituals of which an individual can choose from the one he/she likes. Buddhism on its part follow an anti-dogmatic approach and stress on the middle path, makes for a light, stripped down version of Hinduism signifying something a person far away would follow with lots of ease (Dhaliwal, 2012). Also to the contrary is the Sikhism which stresses on the equality and formalized body as a religion. Consequently, Jainism practices ahimsa which is non-violence since they believe that the act of violence against a living thing creates a negative karma which will adversely affect that individual’s next life.
On the other hand, Daoism seeks a carefree natural way of life as an escape route including the precepts of the simple life in harmony with nature as the emphasis of great mental and physical discipline. They also argue that the secrets of magics of life consist of the suing actions to achieve the non-action part. The outcomes of Wu Wei instigate the non-interference in most of the teachings from the Laozi as the rules to guide the community (Tai-Seale, 2014). In Laozi, nothing is evil only that things may be out of balance. However, the Confucius doctrine in Kongzi emphasize three grades of filial piety such as that the lowest should support an individual parent, the second is not to bring humiliations to their parents while the third is to glorify their parents by making them proud of what they are doing and who they are.
Sikhism’s believe in the existence of one formless God, does not believe in the reincarnation, do not believe in the existence of heaven or hell, while on the contrary, Hinduism has over 330 million gods, believes in reincarnation including the existence of heaven and hell. However, Buddhists claim that a self-conscious personal God did not even create the world, that human nature is ignorant to them and as all emotional beings, and they don’t think human being are normal as well as a sin is not in the Buddhists concepts.
Primary similarity these religions share can be depending on the region of origin. That is Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism shares a similarity of being part of the family of faiths called the dharmic traditions that are associated with no sense of a religion and exclusivity. It is always common to find a Sikh, Hindu, or a Jain in any of the four religion temples and that very little propagation exist. For example, in many places, even members of the other faiths are allowed to the social gathering of these religions. (Dhaliwal, 2012). These religions derive their roots in the Indian regions mainly southeast Asian region.
The karma idea is embraced by both the Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism religions. They all believe that people return to them and that the current states of their lives reflect their actions from their previous lives. That is, they gain liberation by escaping the death and rebirth cycle and that they both believe in the religious practices of contemplation, concentration, and cultivation of particular states of mind. On the other hand, Daoism was an influence of Buddhism like their idea of Chan or Zen, and to that effect, Laozi also originated and shared theirs believes inside Daoism (Tai-Seale, 2014).
Additionally, Kongzi and Daoism together with Laozi shares their background of origin from the Republic of China. The Daoism teachers lived in the great mountains of China. Both the two religions were based on the scholar’s philosophies. While Confucius developed Kongzi froth school of thoughts, Daoism was as a result of the philosophy driven by Laozi who like Confucius were great Chinese philosophers regarding the Chinese thought. Both Taoism and Confucianism adopted the belief that their target audience found plausible. Thai is, Zhu Xi spends a lot of time talking about Li which meant order since they had to develop a cosmology to react to the Buddhist teachers (Tai-Seale, 2014).