- In the view of the author of “Being Indigenous in the 21st Century,” indigenous people everywhere are connected both by their values and by their:
- China, which is now home to hundred’s of McDonald’s restaurants, offers ____________ as a menu item, which is an excellent example of how globalization and diffusion act together.
|curry beef burger|
|chicken pita sandwich|
|green tea latte|
- Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the colonial authorities stopping cannibalism among the Purari Delta Tribes?
|Traditional marriage practices generally ended because boys could not get married since they could not become men.|
|The small Purari Delta villages combined into a very large settlement.|
|Rapid acculturation occurred.|
|There was a dramatic increase in incest, murder and suicide.|
- According to “Being Indigenous in the 21st Century,” the Cherokee people of Oklahoma started some of the first schools west of the Mississippi.
- With which statement would Martha Ward (Nest in the Wind) agree?
|While some cultures stand still, others move in predictable directions.|
|All societies and cultures change in the same direction and at the same speed.|
|There are no standstill cultures and societies do not move in predictable directions and at fixed rates.|
|Cultures tend to stand still unless outside forces motivate them to change.|
- Members of the John Frum cargo cult believe that if they follow their traditional customs, including kava drinking and dancing, John Frum will bring them “cargo” (the supplies of modern material goods they were intrduced to during WWII).
- Which of the following describes the form of culture change known as diffusion?
|Your parents teach you the proper way to speak to your elders.|
|Medical experiments and discoveries lead to the cure for an epidemic disease such as polio.|
|Many of the foods we eat, such as pasta and chicken, were introduced to us through contact with different cultures around the world.|
|James Hargreaves developed the spinning jenny to increase the efficiency of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution.|
If a society is militarily dominant in a culture contact situation and they perceive their own culture as being superior in terms of technology and quality of life, it is very likely that they will be acculturated by the other society.
- Sequoyah’s idea to create a writing system for the Cherokee, after encountering written English, is an example of __________.
- As explained in Nest in the Wind, economic planners predicted the economic base of Pohnpei would rest on
|manufacturing, agriculture and tourism.|
|fishing and manufacturing.|
|fishing, tourism, and manufacturing.|
|tourism, fishing and agriculture.|
- When she returned to Pohnpei, Martha Ward (in Nest in the Wind) found that
|she was still treated as a member of Sohn Alpet’s extended family and had retained her title.|
|She had both lost her title and her relationship to Sohn Alpet’s family.|
|she was still treated as a member of Sohn Alpet’s extended family, but she had lost her title.|
|she had retained her title, but was no longer part of Sohn Alpet’s family.|
- After the British introduction of cricket to Trobriand Islands, local changes to the game involved
|abandoning the white clothing of the British game.|
|playing Western rock music between batting rounds.|
|making it even more “British” by serving British-style “tea” following the game.|
|making sure there were equal numbers of male and female players.|
|insertion of Christian prayers during the game due to the missionaries’ influence.|
- An example of a millenarian movement among Indians of the U.S discussed in your readings is __________ .
- People who have a longstanding connection with their home territory predating colonialism are referred to as
- The industrial revolution and globalization have had a large impact on global cultural change. Describe a few of the consequences, both positive and negative, that have occurred as a result of both the industrial revolution and globalization. Your answer must come from your readings.
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- All of the following are TRUE statements about millenarian movements except
|They occur when there is enough of the old culture surviving to be viable.|
|They are most commonly found in large-scale societies in which high levels of technology result in personal alientation.|
|Their goal is to eliminate control by the alien people that threatens values and traditions of the native people.|
|They are led by a prophet and usually use supernatural means to carry out their goal.|
- As explained in Nest in the Wind, Micronesia is best described as
|a series of islands with a homogeneous culture, language, and ecology.|
|a poorly functioning nation.|
|a U.S. territory.|
|a political and economic unification of islands with different cultures, languages, and ecologies.|
- The current style in which cricket is played in the Trobriand Islands is an example of
|a millenarian movement|
- The region in which cargo cults emerged is
|the Northwest Coast region of Canada and the United States.|