Discussion: Needs Assessment For this Discussion, you develop a framework for completing a needs assessment for your program. To do this effectively, it is essential to begin with the program and the population you have identified and then develop an appropriate approach for conducting a needs assessment.
This also leads to consideration of the types of data needed and the data collection methods to be used. To prepare: Consider aspects of your problem and population as you review the information on needs assessment presented in the Learning Resources. How would you conduct a needs assessment? What considerations would influence your decision making about this process? What would be the most efficient and effective methods for collecting data?
What challenges could be encountered? Addresses the following:
1. Discuss how you would conduct a needs assessment for your selected problem and the target population
2. Why is this approach appropriate for the problem you have identified? Support your response with evidence from the literature.
3. Describe your proposed data collection methods and evaluate any challenges you might encounter. References Required Readings Assessment and Planning in Health Programs Chapter 1, “Assessment for Developing Programs and Interventions:
The Big Picture” Chapter 1 notes the importance of looking not just at needs but also the assets associated with the target population and environment; that is, assessing what needs to be addressed given the assets that are present. Chapter 3, “Data Collection Strategies for Needs Assessments and Evaluations” In Chapter 3, the authors examine data collection, a key element of needs assessments.
They also indicate that it is wise to plan ahead and consider data collection strategies for evaluation at the same time. Kettner, P. M., Moroney, R. M., & Martin, L. L. (2017). Designing and managing programs: An effectiveness-based approach (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Chapter 4, “Needs Assessment: Theoretical Considerations” Chapter 5, “Needs Assessment: Approaches to Measurement” These two chapters provide foundational information as well as guidance for conducting a needs assessment as part of program planning. Burrows, T., Hutchesson, M., Chai, L,K., Rollow, M., Skinner, G., & Collins, C. (2015). Nutrition interventions for prevention and management of childhood obesity: What do parents want from an eHealth program? Nutrients, 7, 10469-10479 doi:10.3390/nu7125546 Derguy, C., Michel, G., M’Bailara, K., Roux, S., & Bouvard, M. (2015). Assessing needs in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder: A crucial preliminary step to target relevant issues for support programs. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 40(2), 156-166 doi.org/10.3109/13668250.2015.1023707 Millard, T., McDonald, K.,
Elliott, J., Slavin, S., Rowell, S., & Girdler, S. (2014). Informing the development of an online self-management program for men living with HIV: a needs assessment. BMC Public Health, 14, 1209 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1209 Springer, A. E. & Evans, A.E. (2016). Assessing environmental assets for health promotion program planning: a practical framework for health promotion practitioners. Health Promotion Perspectives, 6(3), 111-118 doi: 10.15171/hpp.2016.19SHOW LESS