Art Module 3 Assignment


There are different styles of art used in a period between 16th and 17th century. The four styles are Renaissance, Romanticism, Baroque, and Neo-classical. To begin with, the Renaissance marked a re-birth of classical culture used when Europe evolved from medieval times to the modern age. The Baroque period came after the Renaissance. During Baroque’s era, lavish art was developed and used to inspire people in their religious beliefs (Bates, 2017). To fight the spread of Protestants’ ideology, the Catholic Church supported arts that addressed their religious notions.  Neo-classical and Romanticism were obtained from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. In this paper, I will provide a brief history of Neo-classical and Romanticism art and compare the two arts, Oath of Horatti and Liberty Leading the people.

Neo-classical period

Neo-classical was an important movement in artwork that followed the Baroque period. Neo-classism started around the 1760s and ended in the 1850s. Neo-classicism focused more on the linear model to display classical ideas and themes through settings and costumes from archeological (Bates, 2017). The movement depicts the revolution of styles of classic antiquity motivated directly from the classical era, which showed growth in philosophy as well as other sectors in the period of enlightenment.  Thus, neo-classical was also a reaction against the Rococo style.

Romanticism period

Romanticism is a movement that started in Germany, where it was inspired mainly through a sense of world-weariness and a desire for nature. After some time, Romanticism appeared in French and English paintings. The attributes of romanticism consist of a return to nature modified by a focus on spontaneous painting, the advancement of justice for everyone, and a strong belief in the senses and emotions as opposed to intellect and reason (Bates, 2017). In addition, Romantic art’s purpose was projected towards emotional personal response to life contrary to the restraint and overall values advanced by neoclassical art.  

Figure 1: Liberty Leading the People


Figure 2: David’s art “oath of Horatti


Different approaches to reasoning

Different approaches to reasoning and argumentation have been studied through different research traditions. First, reasoning has been the subject of intensive psychological investigation in the last decades. In this area of study, interest has been focused on the outcome of experimental research based on how people reason and make decisions (Arnason & Mansfield, 2013). The studies indicate that people are drifting from the standard models of rationality like deductive logic, expected utility theory, and failure to find a solution to simple reasoning.

With reference to the paintings, based on the evidence collected, people may be regarded as primary irrational because of their overall behavior. Many people are no using clear thinking in making decisions. These scholars stated that the origin of reasoning is best understood through the models of the evolution of human communication (Arnason & Mansfield, 2013). In regards to this perception, reasoning has changed not to aid people to advance in their thoughts but to provide arguments to support their claims as well as to analyze those that are provided in a dialogical context.

The artists David and Delacroix differ in approaches and beliefs in regards to reasoning and rationality. To begin with, David’s understanding of human reasoning majored on the notion of enlightenment and believes that reasoning might be used to create a better world. On the other hand, Delacroix’s approach and understanding of human reason and rationality were focused on insights and irrational passion. Delacroix recognized that human beings are driven by instincts compared to reasoning. Delacroix arts are loosely painted and full of uncontrolled emotions to display the intent reasoning of human beings.

The difference in the conveyance of revolution

David’s conveyance of revolution was indirect. In David’s art “oath of Horatti” is a symbolic call for revolution. However, the audience might not relate the painting to a call for revolution easily because the information is presented indirectly. In the painting, the three men are assuring their father of victory. In the background, the women appear saddened because they are not sure of winning the war. On the contrary, Delacroix’s conveyance to revolution was direct. In the painting “Liberty Leading the People,” a reader is can easily relate the art to revolution. For instance, a woman is holding a gun and a flag. In this painting, the idea of revolution can be seen.


Romanticism and Baroque period have some special attributes that are similar and different in some extent. The Baroque arts are dark and unclear, whereas the neoclassicism is brighter, which attracts the attention of the viewers. Neoclassicism has fewer shadows, which makes a viewer feel what the creator of the paint feels. Romanticism attracts viewers’ attention and puts them in the sense of emotions, making them feel the creator’s emotions. David was among a group that participated in the painting propaganda. Although the creators of the two paintings were different in terms of techniques, their involvement in the idea of revolution and the modern techniques that originates from previous techniques brought them together. Both paintings addressed the idea of revolution.

Reference list

Arnason, H. H., & Mansfield, E. (2013). History of modern art: painting, sculpture, architecture, photography. Pearson.

Bates, Christopher. (2017). Differences Between Neoclassicism and Romanticism, Difference Retrieved from:

Image of Jacque-Louis David’s Oath of Horatti:

Image of Eugène Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People:
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