Title of the article
The title “Prevalence of body dissatisfaction among a United States adult sample” is appropriate for the article. It captures the primary purpose of the study to be carried out in the article. In addition, the title does reflect what the article states as found in the study. It focuses on finding facts on body dissatisfaction among adults in the US. Therefore, the readers can understand the content of the article through the topic presented as it captures the whole information.
Abstract of the article
The abstract was short and precise. Abstract is a reflection of what the article states as it gives a summary of all aspects addressed. The authors began by defining the body dissatisfaction. The primary purpose of the study was to look at Body Dissatisfaction in the US and compare it to the past studies together with comparing BD using sub-groups like gender and race. Psychologist and health providers should be aware of the challenges that come with increased body dissatisfaction. Anyone reading the abstract will get an idea of what the article states.
The introduction of the article was done perfectly. The authors began with a definition of the body image to attract and draw the attention of the readers. Besides, they were able to use citations in the section to the aspects and ideas presented. The purpose of the study was also outlined in the study. The study wants to determine how many people are dealing with body dissatisfaction in the US. BD is important because it can result in mental problems like depression, binge eating disorder, and bulimia, among others. Though the introduction gave an adequate review of the article, there was no hypothesis statement to give direction to the research.
Participants were classified in terms of their gender and ages. The total number of participants, both male, and female were 1893, where women were 1246 and men 647. In regards to this, it is apparent that the authors were sensitive to issues such as gender. However, the authors were unable to balance the number of men and women participating in the study. There was a huge variation in the numbers which can alter the final findings. The age range of the participants was 18-90 years. Using this information, the researchers were able to use participants from significant age groups like youths, adults as well as the old.
An online survey was used to collect information. Institutional review board approval was acquired first for an internet-based option in the survey, which took participants about 30 minutes to complete. To recruit US adults across a large geographical region, e-mail addresses were collected from publicly available websites in the US. The website had but not limited to universities, public schools, local government, and faith-related organizations. However, this experimental design appears to limit the findings of the study. With an online survey as the experimental design used, there was a possibility of the participants giving wrong information that would automatically affect the results.
The total number of people who were recruited in the system was 2665, but 1893 of them were able to complete the forms as required and gave out their details. The participants were requested to give information such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, education level, as well as health-based issues. The Likert-type scale was used to collect data from subjects such as appearance evaluation, fitness evaluation, and overweight pre-occupation. Also, other subjects that were manipulated in the study are body area satisfaction. It is important to note that these aspects were used to collect data that can be used to make an analysis. In regards to this, the evaluation criteria using various subjects was relevant because it enabled the researchers to capture the required information.
The method of data analysis used determines the accuracy of the anticipated result. Thus, to evaluate the variations from each body image measure across the sub-groups, mean and standard deviation calculation, a 2-way Manova and Tukey post hoc tests were used. For effective data analysis, it was important to use the selected techniques because they give an accurate result. Most of the information that is obtained using the methods can be understood easily for discussion and conclusion on the issue under study. Therefore, the authors made the right choice of data analysis techniques.
Experimental designs are considered the most powerful designs to create causal relationships between the independent and dependent variable. In regards to the nature of subjects used in the study, it is apparent that a cross-over design was used. Thus, the design used in the study was appropriate for the statistic used. The research was to compare the prevalence of body dissatisfaction between the two genders; men and women, races, across the ages, and among the ethnic groups. The outlined subjects of measure in the study were being manipulated among the groups to arrive at the anticipated outcome. Therefore, because of the different groups, the most appropriate design was the cross-over design used in the study.
In the article, data was used to make conclusions through the research topic “prevalence of body dissatisfaction among the Americans.” Looking at the statistics obtained through the study, the data were descriptive because anyone can read and come up with a conclusion. For example, using data from the table, the percentage range of body satisfaction is between 19.2 to 28.7 for women and 12.2-21.2 for men. In regards to this, it is evident that more women are satisfied with their body compared to men. The information contradicts the discussion presented in the study that women are more likely to be at risk of body dissatisfaction than men. Therefore, for more women to be at risk of body dissatisfaction, they should have had a lower body satisfaction percentage.
In the discussion section, the result was not interpreted correctly. The body satisfaction percentage should be used to determine body dissatisfaction rate. Using the information from the tables, the body satisfaction percentage presented is higher for women and lower for men, which mean that more women are satisfied with their body compared to men in the US. The conclusion that should be derived from this is that men are at higher risk of body dissatisfaction as opposed to the one stated in the study.
The main aim of this study was to compare a sample of the US adults with body dissatisfaction to the national samples to check at the variations across different population among the sub-groups and to assist psychologists as well as health professional be aware of the prevalence. The study has no definite hypothesis as the role of this study supposed to record and inform instead of proving a point. The study used an online survey that availed to all the states in the US. According to the result, body dissatisfaction was not statistically different from the previous studies performed on the overall population. On the contrary, there were statistically significant variations in the samples between males and females with female indicating a higher prevalence of body dissatisfaction.
References used in the article
In the references section, the authors cited the articles accurately and adequately. For instance, the articles were arranged in alphabetical order. In addition, the articles cited are related to the finding of the study. However, most of the articles used in the study are not current. The authors cited an article that was published in 1973, which could give outdated information. It is apparent that such articles could provide misleading information. The authors cite their research as under review. It means that the article is still being reviewed and can be edited to make it better. Therefore, it is important to note that the study was well formulated and organized correctly.