Race, ethnicity and prejudices assignment

There exist a relationship between race and ethnicity. By definition, race refers to a group of people who share specific inherited physical attributes like skin color or facial attributes, whereas ethnicity is the shared social, cultural, and historical experiences of a group that makes it different from another (62). Despite the difference in meaning, race and ethnicity have a relationship. The most important aspects of the relationship between race and ethnicity are a social construction, classification, and main stimulator. One aspect that I see is that both race and ethnicity are socially constructed.  The social construction of race and ethnicity on whether physical or cultural exists as part of human creation and experience. It means that physical and cultural difference does not exist in the world as tangible realities. Thus, both race and ethnicity are human perceptions creating the differences. 

The other aspects that I see are classification and main stimulator. Both race and ethnicity classified people. Race classifies people into distinctive physical traits while ethnicity classifies people into racial, nations, tribe, religion as well as cultural origin. Because of race and ethnicity, there exist groups such as black Canadians, white Canadians, Muslims, Christians, and tribe-based inclination, especially in African countries (16). In terms of the main stimulator, racial and ethnic differences occur for various reasons, but the main ones are social, economic, or political power.  The competition for resources among different communities has been the underlying cause of racial or ethnic differences. Communities or groups that are rich often look down upon the ones with fewer resources. In regards to this, communities or groups at the lower end of opportunities blame their losses to racial or ethnic classification.

Reference

Fleras, A. (2017). Unequal relations: A critical introduction to race, ethnic, and aboriginal dynamics in Canada. Pearson Canada Incorporated.

Question 4

Racism is the practice of discriminating people based on race, nationality, or ethnic background, while prejudice is a negative or hostile belief on a group of people or community (62). However, racism and prejudice go hand in hand in various ways. First, racism and prejudice related to the negative view of a group of people in a given region based on their membership in that area. For example, white Canadians perceive black Canadians negatively. The blacks are perceived to be primitive, criminals, and non-educated. Thus, perceiving others as primitive is driven by a certain belief brought because of racism and prejudices. Black Canadians are less likely to have access to gratifying jobs in strategic management positions because of the widespread negative perceptions about them. It is worth noting that both are based on preconceived opinions and experiences that people go through.

Racism and prejudices are both dangerous and terrible for victims. Many people or communities have suffered because of racism and prejudices. Racism and prejudices significantly affect the quality of education and equity among people from various backgrounds and cultures, especially the ones who have experienced discrimination and insensitivity from other communities and groups (64). In other words, For example, in Canada, the Aboriginal people have a lower standard of living and expectancy than other average Canadian because of discrimination. There is a strong connection between racism and the level of education as well as wealth. Communities with a high number of people who are not educated are always discriminated against and perceived as primitive. Thus, racism and prejudices share various impacts on the victims in Canada.

Reference

Fleras, A. (2017). Unequal relations: A critical introduction to race, ethnic, and aboriginal dynamics in Canada. Pearson Canada Incorporated.

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