Testable hypothesis: if a child is exposed to violent media contents, then that child is more likely to develop violent behaviors compared to those that are not exposed. The hypothesis was developed using the social learning theory, which posits that children’s behavior and intellect increases with exposure to the environment. The hypothesis means that watching violent media contents results in violent behaviors among children and adolescents. In addition, it means that violent media contents such as video fights are the ultimate cause of violent behaviors such as aggressiveness in children and teenagers. In regards to the provided variables, the hypothesis can be tested to prove whether it is true or false. The null hypothesis on the subject is; if a child is exposed to violent behaviors, then that child is not likely to develop violent behaviors.
Scientific method involves experimentation used to explore observation and respond to questions. The hypothesis is a general statement on the perceived outcomes research or study based on a given field (Walliman, 2017). In regards to the above-stated hypothesis, I perceive that exposure to violent media content contributes to violent behaviors among children. Thus, I will use the scientific method to prove the statement. First, I will conduct background research on the subject matter to determine previous research on the claim. Secondly, I will have to do an experiment using participants and observe the result. The result obtained after analysis will prove if the hypothesis is true or false.
To determine whether the hypothesis is supported or not supported, the researcher must perform hypothesis testing using statistics. The initial step is to decide the type of experimental design. For instance, a researcher has to decide on whether to use a qualitative or quantitative research method. Secondly, organize participants to take part in the study. For instance, in this study a control group is important. Aspects such as consent will be sought to make the study viable. Third, the actual study performed, and participants observed. The next step is analyzed using data collected during the actual study. Lastly, the result is compared to prove whether it is significant or not. In the case of a quantitative research method, SPSS can be used to analyze the data and prove whether the result is significant.
In this study, I would use an experimental research strategy. In this strategy, one or more variables are manipulated to determine their impact on the dependent variable. An experimental research strategy is a scientific approach to a study where researchers change one or more variables and controls as well as to measure the change in any variable (Gravetter & Forzano, 2018). For example, in this study, the dependent variable is violent behaviors displayed by children, whereas the independent variable is violent media content. Thus, I will be able to change media content exposed to children and adolescents to determine their effect on children’s behavior.
In addition, I believe an experimental research strategy provides the best means to arrive at the result of the study. It allows researchers to have a strong hold on variable to obtain the anticipated result. The researchers are in control of all the variables derived from the hypothesis. It provides a platform for understanding different aspects, like testing the hypothesis. In the set hypothesis, a researcher will have to determine whether violent media contents contribute to adolescent violent behaviors. Therefore, conducting an experiment on this subject will obtain a piece of primary information, which can provide new insights.
Gravetter, F. J., & Forzano, L. A. B. (2018). Research methods for the behavioral sciences. Cengage Learning.
Walliman, N. (2017). Research methods: The basics. Routledge.