Environmental justice defines a condition within our surrounding that allows all the inhabitants the right to live in a healthy environment and get equal access to environmental resources and uses them for a healthy life. Environmental justice, therefore, follows a principle of the right for everyone to is protected from environmental degradation hence it eliminates the threat of the occurrence of harm to the environment and the inhabitants. Environmental justice according to the article can be reinforced by a strong legal framework, the government, political movements as well as environmental movements will always champion for the existence of a pure environment to be used by everyone equally without discrimination as far as the environmental resources are concerned hence prevents depletion.
How exclusionary zoning has been the main cause of Environmental Injustice for underprivileged people?
Exclusionary zoning has promoted environmental justices to unprivileged to which the articles identify with the colored people in the states. Zoning allows for designation of land use within a locality hence the residential areas to the colored people are always located in areas that are very remote. The article identifies an example of North Carolina scenario whereby the PCB-laced oil wastes were dumped to which the locals were exposed to much harm as compared to areas white people occupied. Such areas inhabited by whites were not as harsh as compared to areas inhabited by the colored. The colored people being underprivileged in certain areas of the states by then led to their suffering because it is in their areas of residence, schools, and healthcare facilities that such wastes were dumped.
Internalized Racism and how does it affect underprivileged groups
As defined by the article, internalized racism is that which develops by once accepting the dominant group racist views as well as the biases of one’s ethnic group. To the underprivileged people, they will as have always believed that the whites are better in the way they reason and that they are better off that the colored individuals in the community. This created stereotypes among the members of underprivileged leading to a lack of believing in themselves. This hinders developed as one class for the underprivileged people will see themselves as more senior in the environment as opposed to others.
Bullard, R. D. (2005). quest for environmental justice. Sierra Club Books.