Business and advertising

Rapid industrialization has created a global economy where business has to consider advertisement channels to reach additional customers from all corners in the world. Moreover social media channels have increased and encouraged business to expand on their strategies. Businesses advertise to create awareness of their business to the public, attract more customers to buy their products and get extra information on other existing similar businesses and products they offer. In addition, advertisements help to target potential customers for their products. However, some advertisements attract the youth to consumption of illegal drugs leading health issues and death. Bans and prohibitions are therefore important on products harmful to health of the public (Mantrala, Sridhar, & Dong, 2013).   

            The government should control sales since it should be aware of what is offered in the market for consumption. Increase in disease related to diets has increases concern for the government over food markets. A larger proportion of people in the world are overweight or obese. Moreover, such illnesses are leading to the rise of heart diseases, stroke, cancer, high blood pressure, breast, colon, and prostate cancer. There are emerging health problems from excess consumption of sugar, salt, and fats that are saturated since they increase cholesterol in blood vessels. Poor diets have led to increased deaths.

            Government concern will lead to introduction of food policies that offer information on nutritional value of certain diets and their health consequences. Policies that regulate advertisements of certain consumable products will be placed and a ban on sale of harmful products established. Moreover, food taxes and incentives will be impacted on retailers and manufacturers to make them produce quality foods at lower prices. As a result, the government should take full control on sale of certain products and not limit their advertisements (Griffith & Connell, 2010). Below is a discussion on why the government should control sale of alcohol and cigarettes, reasons of limiting and not limiting advertisements as well as people‚Äôs view on banning products.

Why the government should control the sale of cigarettes

            The government should control the sale of cigarettes because smoking them harms almost all organs in the body. Centers for disease control. (2015) argue that cigarette smoking Causes diseases and reduces the general health of smokers. CDC reports indicate that smoking cigarettes leads to over 480,000 deaths in United States making it the leader cause of deaths compared to HIV, drug abuse, use of alcohol, motor vehicle accidents, and incidents of firearms. Smoking causes premature deaths 10 times more than other causes such as wars. It leads to approximately 90% of deaths from lung cancer with nine people dying out of 10 cancer victims. A large proportion of women die from smoking cigarettes than the proportion that dies from breast cancer. Approximately 80% of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) deaths come from smoking thus smoking increases the risks of deaths in all populations. Risks of deaths from cigarette smoking have increased within the last fifty years.

Smoking and heart diseases

            Smoking increases the risks of coronary heart diseases and stroke up to 4 times, with men developing lung cancer 25 times and women developing cancer rates increase by 25.7 times. Generally, smoking leads to increase in absenteeism from work, decline in health, increases cost of living, and utilization of healthcare services. Smokers expose themselves to risks of cardiovascular diseases since the smoke affects blood vessels and the heart. It causes stroke and coronary heart diseases, which are the leading, cause in U.S. this includes people who smoke less than five cigarettes per day. Smoking causes thickening and narrowing of blood vessels, which contributes to faster heart beat leading to blood pressure and formation of clots. As a result, victims suffer from stroke due to presence of clots that block the flow of blood in the brain. At times, the brain bursts from clots. Clots formed from smoking reduce flow of blood in the legs and skin.

Smoking and respiratory disease

            Smoking damages air sacs and airways in the lungs causing lung diseases. Lung diseases include COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema, lung cancer, asthma and trigger other attacks. Smokers die from COPD 13 times more than nonsmokers do.

Smoking and cancer

            Smoking causes cancer in most body parts. These include the bladder, cervix, esophagus, blood, ureter and kidney, larynx, stomach, liver, pancreas, lung, bronchus, trachea and oropharynx parts such as soft palate, tonsils, throat, and tongue.

Smoking and other health risks

            Smoking women find it harder to get pregnant. Smoking  Pregnant women experience preterm delivery, stillbirths, giving birth to low birth weight babies and sudden infant death syndrome. They experience ectopic pregnancy, and their infants suffer from Orofacial clefts. Smoking affects men by reducing their sperm counts and fertility. Overall smoking leads to reduced bone health, tooth loss, cataracts, type 2 diabetes mellitus and decreases body immunity.

Why the government should control sale of alcohol

            Alcohol causes serious negative effects on our bodies. These include interfering with communication pathways in the brain thus affecting its function. It damages the heart causing stroke, irregular heartbeat, and high blood pressure and overstretching or drooping of blood rates. It deteriorates the functioning of the river by causing cirrhosis, hepatitis, Fatty River, and fibrosis. Alcohol leads to overproduction of toxins leading to pancreatitis. Certain cancers develop from drinking alcohol. These include, mouth cancer, esophagus, breast, liver and throat. Alcoholics have low immune systems weakened by alcohol (National institute of alcohol abuse and alcoholism (NIAAA), 2016).

WHY the government should limit advertising

            Governments put restrictive measures on advertisement of alcohol and cigarettes, which are at times followed with less concern by advertising media (Smith & Foxcroft, 2009). As a result, it should limit advertising since it exposes the young people to alcohol brands as other advertisements are taking place. Advertisements may introduce the youth into early drinking and smoking habits leading to adverse health consequences discussed.

Why the government should not limit advertisements

            The government should not limit advertisements because various studies by world health organization indicate no evidences of increase in drinking and smoking patterns among drug users. Moreover, the adverts contain warnings that come afterwards, thus those who consume the products do it at their own risks (Saffer, 2004). Advertisements have an advantage of creating awareness of various drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes in the market, which help to different them from other consumables. As a result, the youth are not at risk of being cheated to consume the drugs as other people take advantage of their ignorance. In addition, cigarette advertisement helps people know various types available in the market and the rules behind their usage.

Banning products

            There should be a ban on products with adverse health consequences such as alcohol, tobacco, other illegal drugs, cosmetics, and high calorie foods. A ban on alcohol and tobacco use reduces exposure of non-smokers and specifically the youth to the products. It reduces shelf storage of the products aiming at reducing impulse buying of the products on their sight. Moreover, smokers attempting to quite are assisted since they will not be available everywhere in shops. Banning tobacco demands retailers to store them under patron sight and in containers that are self closing and opaque in the store. In addition, standardization measures will be upgraded and specifications prescribed such as prohibiting their sale to minors. In relation to prohibiting their sale, advertisements will also be prohibited and schemes encouraging use of tobacco is curbed (Saffer, 2004).

Conclusion

            Businesses advertise their products with an aim of increasing sales. However, some adverts increase consumption of harmful products such as alcohol and cigarettes. Alcohol leads to lung cancer and liver cirrhosis, which increases costs of living and medical checkups. Cigarettes lead to cancer of the lung and heart diseases. Both drugs cause adverse health problems, which have contributed to most deaths in the world. The Government should ban the use of the products by prescribing strict rules such as stopping all advertisements that contain alcohol and cigarettes as well as products manufactured from them. Curbing adverts will assist the youth who are attracted by adverts and attempt using the product unaware of healthy consequences that follow. In addition, the government should issue demands to add extra information on dangers of consuming restricted products on the packets. The process will assist people wishing to quite using alcohol, cigarettes, and other drugs.

References

Griffith, R., &Connel, M. (2010). Public policy towards food consumption. Fiscal studies, 4(31), 1-27.

Centers for disease control. (2015). Heath effects of cigarette smoking. U.S. department of health            and human services. Retrieved from             http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/health_effects/effects_cig_smokin            g/

National institute of alcohol abuse and alcoholism (NIAAA). (2016). Understanding the impact   of alcohol on human health and well-being. Retrieved from           http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-      health/alcohols-            effects-body

Smith, L., & Foxcroft, D. (2009).the effect of alcohol advertising, marketing, and portrayal on     drinking behavior in young people: systematic review of prospective cohort studies.             BMC public health, 9(51) Retrieved from            http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2653035/

Saffer, H. (2004).the effect of advertising on Tobacco and alcohol consumption. NBER reporter:             research summary. Retrieved fromhttp://www.nber.org/reporter/winter04/saffer.html

Mantrala, M., Sridhar, S., & Dong, X. (2013). Developing India-centric B2B sales theory: an        inductive approach using sales job ads. Journal of business and industrial marketing, 3(27), 169-175.

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