Everywhere where leadership is concern, success is expected. In many organizations, employees, stakeholders as well as other key personalities will always look upon the leaders whenever anything goes right or wrong. Therefore, effective leadership is a key thing as long as leadership is involved. (Arbinger, 2010)

Effective leadership is always pigeonholed by common characteristic or features that distinguish it. These characteristics maybe major or minor but all should work hand in hand to bring out the best results. In this paper some of characteristics of effective leadership such as vision, goal setting together with adaptability are discussed in detailed manner.


Vision is the ability to foresee the future of organization, control or where the leadership maybe involved. Any outstanding leadership has strong visions despite of any shortcomings that may hit it. These visions are passed and spread to everyone under leadership to allow everybody chase towards it and maximize the effort to make it happen.  Leadership with a strong vision is known to withstand all difficulties and still press on until that day when the vision will come to accomplishment. Many prominent people had strong visions that were threatened by circumstances but they live them today. For example, Michael Jordan a prominent basket baller was cut from high school basketball team but he did not end the dreams there. He had a vision that one day he will rise. On the other hand, at the age of 22, Oprah Winfrey who’s today a prominent global public figure due to his shows was fired from her job to what was alleged that she was unfit for TV! All these were driven by a vision.

Vision therefore is very vital to an effective leadership. This is because; vision provides inspiration and motivation that keeps a leader going. A leader should ensure that they have vision that has “energy” to carry them to the last bit. Secondly, vision shows where a person is headed, how it will overcome obstacles in journey and the requirement that will be needed for that particular journey. The most important is that vision provides focus that keeps the attention towards success undivided till the accomplishment of success. Without focus, leadership can be wavered by small predicament and it settles at one point. (Dym, 2011)

Goal setting

Any effective leadership should emphasize on setting success target that everyone can work towards it. Without target, it is difficult to evaluate success of a place. Goals should be specified according to difficulty and easy in order to know where to put more effort of less. Goal setting has numerous importances in leadership. Firstly, there is optimum use of resources available to every single plan. Resources are always scarce thus prioritizing is a significance aspect when it comes to setting goals. Secondly, there is effective use of time and resources since each goal is done precisely without unnecessary resource wastage. (Chandler, 2013) There is a clearer focus since goals are apparently allocated to their intentions. So everyone knows exactly what is to be done and what is expected of outcome.

Change adaptability

Change is very vital to an effective leadership. This is due to the fact that future is dynamic and unpredictable. One is able to adjust towards the direction that seems so promising even if initially it was not included in the plan (Calarco, 2006). The importance of adapting includes the ability to accommodate emerging trends that are good for the future of organization. It also enables innovation and invention that can lead to success in future. Finally, change can help to overcome a foreseen problem before it hit the organization hard.


Effective leadership means efforts that are cultivated to it, spread to everyone under leadership and implemented. According to Ralph Lauren, “A leader has the vision and conviction that a dream can be achieved. He inspires the power and energy to get it done.




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Roughton, J. E., & Mercurio, J. J. (2002). Developing an effective safety culture: A leadership approach. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Chandler, G. D., & Chandler, J. W. (2013). On effective leadership: Across domains, cultures, and eras. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dym, B., Egmont, S., Watkins, L., Dym, B., Egmont, S., & Watkins, L. (2011). Mission, vision, and effective nonprofit leadership. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: FTPress Delivers.

Calarco, A., Gurvis, J., & Center for Creative Leadership. (2006). Adaptability: Responding effectively to change. Greensboro, N.C: Center for Creative Leadership.


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