Constructivism is a philosophy based on teaching that entails the concept of learning by means of cognitive skills that leads to students own mental understanding. This concept suggests that each and every student should be able to interpret their own mental models as well as their personal experiences that are associated by what they have learnt to tackle problems.(Gan, 2013)


There are several advantages that are associated with constructivism which is concept that gives student the ownership of whatever they learn. This concept helps the students to relate what is being taught to real live scenario. This is due the ability of one to confine the topic in their own thinking without necessarily diverting to someone else’s. The questions and explorations always originate from the student; they are also allowed to take control over assessment too.  These assessments, engrosses the students personal investments as well as initiatives in their research reports, journals together with artistic representations. As a result of required effort and support by the teachers that are needed by students, this concept helps in growth of the relationship between the student and teachers. On other hand, it encourages the teachers to spend more time on the students.

Teacher on this aspect are entitled to focus more on individual students regarding relevant information so that to help them discover real life situations that apply to relevant topics. However, in cases where student often work in groups, student learn a lot about social skill as a result of interaction and review each other personal life and how they approach it. Learners also exchanges ideas and learn the aspect of negotiations on others contributions in a socially, presentable and acceptable manner. Resultantly, the students help each other as well as enhancing their learning skills in respective places where they may need help. Therefore, opinions and every individual work are highly valued since each and every answer as a unique significance in the way of application. Finally, this is very beneficial when they are out of school. They learn to tackle variety of experiences that they face by applying that power of cooperation to navigate and solve problems well. (Riordan, 2000)


Just like the advantages, the disadvantages of constructivism affect learning and teaching in several ways. These upshots affect both the student and the teachers either directly or indirectly.

This kind of learning is very expensive and time consuming in that the teachers are entitled to go for training every time. Moreover, the cost incurred to training teachers is usually expensive to the schools associated; this pile up an unreasonable budget that becomes a problem for the respective school to raise the required expenses.

The student teacher ratio is often very high where there are a large number of student compared to the teachers. Due to that fact teaching becomes difficult because a teacher has to analyses each student work and makes them understand because the knowledge of application usually varies.

Constructivism also deals away with the issue of standardized testing and grades because every student is examined to their own level. It is thus, very impossible to differentiate and evaluate the performances of each and every student. Lack of competition is a common problem when it comes to solicitation of these concepts. Scholars are not able to improve or know which real life’s application is better that the other since everyone competes at their level of knowledge.




Gan, A., & Lodder, C. (2013). Constructivism.

Riordan-Karlsson, M. (2000). Constructivism. Westminster, CA: Teacher Created Materials.

All Rights Reserved,