A dystopia can simply be defined as a community which is undesirable to human kind due to its frightening nature. It can also be translated to mean not a good place. These dystopian societies are in most cases experienced in artistic works that involve stories set in the future. Such stories involve acts of dehumanization, cases of environmental disaster, harsh governments are used to create attention to real life issues affecting the society and its environment. Its environment includes political, economic, ethics and technology among others. These societies simply serve as warnings that if the issues in the real world are not solved they might result to be like such (Moylan, 2000).
In the novel ‘Divergent’ whose author is Veronica Roth we are having a taste of a dystopian society. The society portrayed in the novel is defining its citizens by their social and personality related affiliations with five factions. These factions remove the threat to anyone exercising independent will and re-threatening the population’s safety. The novel is exploring the themes that are common to young adult fiction. The five factions through which the members of the society are divided into are based on their dispositions. They include: Abnegation for the selfless, Amity for the peaceful, Candor for the honest, Dauntless for the brave and Erudite for the intellectual. Every year all the sixteen year olds are taken through a test that describes one’s faction. Those who do not complete the initiation are considered faction less and are forced to live in the streets in poverty. This is an example of a dystopian society that ensures its members act in the right manner and anyone who deviates is punished.
Roth, V., Roth, V., Katherine Tegen Books,, & HarperCollins (Firm). (2011). Divergent.
Moylan, T. (2000). Scraps of the untainted sky: Science fiction, utopia, dystopia. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.