Legal Authorities and Separation of Power

This contemporary we live in is full of natural calamities, disasters and other dangerous occurrences that face us.  These risks require development of a proactive disaster management plan that critically expounds on the roles of the different parties entrusted with the safety and security of the civil society in the event of an emergency. In the event of an emergency, the victims require immediate aid under a strategic evacuation process. The evacuation process in itself entails collaboration divergent institutions such as the legislature, courts, governors and the local departments (Sweeney, 2012).

Governors are constitutionally elected as the chief executive officers and the primary responsibility to ascertain the safety and security of the public. The constitution grants the governor extra ordinary powers in emergency cases. The governor hence has emergency powers to ask for an evacuation process in the event of an emergency. As the chief management officer The legislature is the law making arm of the government and hence shares the powers of the governor in the event of an emergency (Sweeney, 2012). The legislature can call for an emergency evacuation in the vent of a calamity and especially if the governor is not in a position to call for the actin, the judiciary as the oversight arm through the courts also ensures that the evacuation process adheres to health and safety standards.

The local authorities on the other hand execute the order from the governor or the legislature after appraisal by a court of law. These parties hence have to intricately share the powers.  The power sharing culture ensures that an evacuation process is conducted with maximum efficiency under minimal damage (Sweeney, 2012). The culture of governments is to closely develop a rich symbiotic relationship between the different institutions of the government.


Volunteers form a very important facet in emergency cases. They are the good Samaritans who risk their health in the spirit of saving victims. Volunteers require protection while delivering their esteemed aid. The primary protection provision is the protection from local authorities. In the vent of harassment of loss the volunteer has to be compensated to indemnity. Volunteers are responsible for approximately 87% of the total emergency action across the globe. In fact these volunteers respond to disaster even better than the governments (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2011)

They therefore enjoy immunity under the United Nations Disaster Management act that outlines the duties, liabilities and risks married together with their occupations. The safety of volunteer’s extent to privileges of travelling in zones of curfew without necessarily following the bureaucratic process of accessing such areas. Volunteers are also granted physical immunity to terror risks by the police services of their respective police forces. In highly volatile situations, the host administration equips the volunteers with exclusive access to security, health care services and any other basic need.

The duties of volunteers are quite tasking and requires dedication form the volunteers in the quest to help safe maximum lives.  Disasters will always happen across the globe. Volunteers are therefore required on daily basis across the globe.  To ensure that they offer their services with exclusive dedication; their basic needs hence need be protected under all costs lest we lose enormous lives.  Volunteering entities across the globe have received maximum accolades because of live saving actions they organize on daily basis. Volunteers form the unwavering army of hope even in the worst disasters and hence require maximum protection.




International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2011). The Legal Framework for Volunteering in Emergencies.

Web< Accessed. 26th Jan 2016.

Sweeney, P. (2012). Gubernatorial Emergency Management Powers: Testing the Limits in Pennsylvania. Journal of Environment and Public Health Law. Vol 6. Issue  2.



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