Neither good nor bad, personality includes not only the bodily structure but also the dynamics. Defined in terms of behavior, personality is quite an indivisible and unique acquirable unit that shows the persistent qualities of a person, expressing their consistency and regularity and is much influence by social interaction. Generally, personality is that developed totality of sentiments, attitudes, ideas, habits, skills and behaviors of a person that constantly affects their patterns of thinking, feeling and acting as influenced by factors like upbringing, the developmental environment, company among others (Friedman & Schustack, 2015).
Personality is influenced by a number of factors which may include:
The company on associates with– “show me the one’s company, and I will tell you the kind of a person they are”. Mostly, personality closely relates with the kind of people we associate with in our development as we tend to borrow much from the way they behave and conduct themselves.
Hereditary factors- also people pass and get their personality from their ancestors or parents and end up becoming copy cats of personality especially in emotions, feelings, actions and reactions which shape up the personality of an individual. The genetics of a person contribute much to their personality (Friedman & Schustack, 2015).
Environment-often, the immediate environments of development have much to say about our personalities. A person who is brought up in an environment that motivates them cognitively is likely to be hard working and organized. That motivating environment has a positive relationship with self-esteem and actualization which directly defines the personality of an individual. In a nutshell, the continual interaction between your qualities and the environmental situation one is in cognitively defines their personality influencing behavior and belief (Friedman & Schustack, 2015).
The nature and state of the family-personality is shaped by the socioeconomics of the family one is raised in. for instance, the personality of a child raised in a poor family may be water and oil to a child raised in a family high up in the socio-economic strata. The state of the family also affects the personality for one may coin their personality depending on the social stability of the family. For instance a child brought up by a single parent may be psychologically affected and develop some attitude towards the missing parent gender. Children often abused and violently treated in their family may develop a very positive personality away from violence or inherit and carry on the same in their personality (Friedman & Schustack, 2015).
Parenting/parental influence– the attachment and relation of a parent to child and vice versa is so influential in building personality. Frightened children by parents often grow an inferiority-complexed personality underlined with fear, anti-socialness and shyness (Friedman & Schustack, 2015).
Friedman, H. & Schustack, M. (2015). Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research, Pearson College Division.