Reading reflection

Background of the study

Inequality in the social world might be expressed in different modes depending on what the author or the philosopher aims at achieving. Historically, gender inequality was at the peak as women were regarded to be a weaker sex than men. Later, different factors such as: education, race, culture, moral values and economic situation have become major contributing factors of inequality in the society. The story of Ophelia in the Hamlet describe how the destructive forces of inequality have change the way of life of women and more so young girls in the modern society. At young age, Ophelia is innocent and full of moral values but when she becomes an adolescence she fall in love with Hamlet and she started to live a free live (Bettie 17).  The work will illustrate the destructive forces in the society which affect the lives of young women.

The destructive forces in the society which affects the lives of young women

Adolescence stage is a severe stage in the lives of young women because they become over possessed with the changes of their body. The story Hamlet Pipher’s in the Shakespears is such an example of how adolescent stage is destructive to young women (Bettie, 88). At young stage, Ophelia has high self-esteem but when she attains adolescence stage she is over possessed with her body and many changes within her body. At the stage, the girls are over possessed with the surrounding are adopting uncouth behaviors such as piercing their body parts, taking drugs and drinking alcohol and being in unwanted relationships.

Economic background has greatly influenced the lives of most girls the society. the story of Lorena in regard to the rich girls and how she had missed school for three days in order to take care of her dad who was unwell  is a clear example of how economic condition influence the role of young women in the society. Despite the fact that Lorena had the desire and plans to attend the nearby university she still has no hope of her parents affording to rise the required fees (Bettie 107). In addition, the number of girls in the university are very few, an indication that the role of women has always been influenced by the economic situation with the family. Being few in school is a sign of women subordination because of their gender.

Mass culture transformation is such a huge force changing the lives of young girls in the society.  Changes in moral values have led to the current moral panic among many girls. The behavior of young girls in the society is associated with the family values (Bettie 222). Girls brought up in single families are much likely to have negative moral values as compared to girls brought up in families with both the father and the mother.

Social class is also a contributing factor towards girl’s immorality in the society. Girls from middle income families will most probably manage to pay for their social affairs as compared with girls from the poor families. In the attempt of poor girls to live the same life with the middle income class girls, the do engage in social immoral activities such as sexual behaviors, drug taking or early marriage (Bettie, 214). Therefore, social class between the white and the black American has been the major social of immoralities with the women gender in the American culture.

Educational background of the parents is believed to be another major course of girls’ immorality in the society. Many girls in the society believe that just in case their parents were educated there was possibility of them being taught the right social behaviors in comparison to the girls whose parents were uneducated (Bettie, 219). Educated girls in the society have the potential of being employed in different sectors of the economy while the uneducated girls have low chances of employment as a result they have much possibility of engaging in immorality than educated girls.

Theories of social inequality

Karl Marx conflicting theory believes that the modern society is comprised on two classes of people that is the proletariat and bourgeoisie.  According to the theory, bourgeoisie individuals in the society are the real owners of the resources in the economy while the proletariats are the subordinates.  With time, the proletariat group of people in the society would accumulate enough resources and they shall be at the same stage with the rich (Bettie 193). The process is true for the modern girls in the society because previously, girls from middle income social class used to command girls from poor family but the social transformation and changes in the roles of gender in the society have empowered women from low economic class.

The theory of stratification according Marx Weber suggests that ownership of property in the society may bring prestige. Most young women in the society tends to engage in different forms of immoralities such as drinking, sexual behaviors, early marriages and smoking in order to acquire more wealth and power. According to stratification theory, social class is basically as a result of wealth and power. Whenever individuals acquire more power and wealth in the society they will tend to compete equally with the other members of the society (Bettie, 112). Education, social class, culture, racial and ethnicity background and family values are the major sources of women immorality in the society.

The functionalist perspective theory believes that there are functions belonging to either male of female. The functionalist perspective theory contributes a lot towards young women immorality in the society (Bettie 67). Women are considered as subordinate and weaker sex in the society. The society usually gives much priority to men especially in areas of education. The factor has empowered more men than women. As a result, in search of power in the society women have been forced to engage in immoral behaviors in such of wealth, power and prestige.


In order to eliminate the gender inequality in terms of race, ethnicity, age and economic status among different girls in the society it would be better for the society and individuals to embrace historical and great social changes. The society should not only change the social structures in terms of the landscape and the institution but also alter the inner feelings, self definitions and experiences of the girls in the society. Based on this argument it would be possible to eliminate the inequalities in the society which are based on economic status, race, gender, age and ethnicity.


Work Cited

Bettie, J. Women without Class: Girls, Race and Identity, University of California Press; Reissue edition, 2014.



All Rights Reserved,