A dystopia can simply be defined as a community which is undesirable to human kind due to its frightening nature. It can also be translated to mean not a good place. These dystopian societies are in most cases experienced in artistic works that involve stories set in the future. Such stories involve acts of dehumanization, cases of environmental disaster, harsh governments as well as natural calamities. The dystopian societies which only exist as fiction are used to create attention to real life issues affecting the society and its environment. Its environment includes political, economic, ethics and technology among others. These societies simply serve as warnings that if the issues in the real world are not solved they might result to be like such.
On the other hand a utopia is a community with perfect qualities that are desirable to all rational humans. A utopian society is portrayed in fiction and it attempts to create an ideal society that can be created if the externalities in the real world countries are well monitored and controlled. It has largely been used in several fields in ecology, economics and politics to try and show the society what can happen if activities in these fields can be done efficiently and appropriately.
Both the dystopian and the utopian societies are fictional societies which only exist in artistic works. These societies relate to the modern day society since every citizen and government seeks to have that ideal society which is the utopian society. The same modern world society also avoids suffering that may arise from ignorance or failure to control some factors and this suffering is clearly shown by the dystopian societies. These are some of the ways in which these fictional societies are used in the modern day society.
Moylan, T. (2000). Scraps of the untainted sky: Science fiction, utopia, dystopia. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.