Ketamine also referred to as K, Vitamin K or Special K is an anesthetic that is used for medicinal purposes but has mostly uses in veterinary medicine, (Morgan C., et al., 2012). Ketamine is in powder form and is administered through snorting or liquid injection. It has named the party drug because the young people going to parties want to use it so that they can ‘lose’ themselves. Ketamine plays a major role in pain management patients. Low doses are given to patients who have undergone surgery to relief their pain. It is an important aspect when it comes to medical research.
The side effects of the drugs include hallucinations and increased awareness of color and sound. Ketamine is believed to fuel the cardiovascular system, which leads to increased heartbeat and increased blood pressure. In the long term, Ketamine is also known to cause damage to the bladder and urinary tract, (Morgan et al., 2012). When the bladder is damaged, one is not able to control it. It may lead to Ketamine bladder syndrome that in the end there may be blood in the victim’s urine. Meng et al., notes that daily users of Ketamine risk having urinary systems disorders.
When one is under the influence of the drug, the probability of pain is low. This means that anybody under the influence might results in accidental injuries to either themselves or others. This is also partly because when one is under the influence of Ketamine they lack coordination. For example, there is no coordination between the hands and the eyes, which might lead to accidents (Morgan et al., 2012). When one is a frequent user of the drug one may suffer from ulcerative cystitis which may lead to bladder contracting and finally being dysfunctional, (Meng C., et al., 2013).
For many centuries, there was no drug that would treat depression in a short time. Ketamine however is able to treat depression within a span of 24 hours and it is the latest discovery on depression patients. This drug is also said to be an instant treatment to depression patients and it works within 24 hours compared to other antidepressants that take time to take effect. The drug is said to be effective even to the patients who have been considered treatment-resistant. There are however not enough studies to show the effectiveness of the drug or if there is any side effect when it is used as an antidepressant.
Treatment for Ketamine addiction depends on many factors including gender and age. Treating this type of addiction will also need cognitive behavioral therapy. This type of therapy helps one see the reason behind one’s drug abuse and helps you in discovering new ways of preventing a relapse. Some individuals also prefer checking in residential Ketamine rehabilitations programs, (Meng et al., 2013). In this kind of environment, one is kept away from the environment that got them addicted in the first place. In this rehabilitation programs, the addicts undergo detoxification and is helped to control the withdrawal symptoms. One is able to find emotional support that they probably would not find anywhere else. Individual and group therapy may also help in treating Ketamine addiction
Meng E., Wu s., Cha T., Sun G., Yu D., Chang S., (2013) “A Murderer of Young Bladders: Ketamine-Associated Cystitis” Urological Science Vol24(4):113-116
Morgan C., Curran H., and The Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs (ISCD) (2012) Ketamine Use: A Review. Addiction Vol107 (1): 27-38