Risks involve those potential dangers which threaten to cause harm or destruction to an object, person or event. It is a danger or a peril that one may be exposed to for doing something or being in a certain place in a certain time. It is often told that it is ‘risky’ to walk at night. Risk factors involve those attributes, characteristics or exposure of an individual to a certain condition that increases the chances of being hurt or developing an injury or a disease. Risks can occur as a result of a claim made or courtesy of an occurrence constituting to a liability for an individual. On the other hand, protective factors are those attributes or conditions in the society, in families, communities or individuals that help mitigate or considerably eliminate risk in individuals or families and thereby increasing the well-being of children and families. Protective factors help guardians and parents access resources, supports of strategies that allow them cope and achieve effective, responsible and successful parenting (Cohen et. al, 2010).
One of the risk factors facing Jason is poverty. His mother could not sufficiently support her upkeep thus making his grandmother, who is a bit rich and economically stable, his guardian. The matching protective factor for this was letting him be under the guardianship of his said-abusive-grandmother. Another risk facing Jason is the openly aggressive and hostile reaction from his grandmother when he is wrong. This can cause him psychological and mental complications. The matching protective factor is allowing him to reside and live with his mother, who again is not stable enough to bring him up responsibly and offer him the best of upkeep. Thirdly, Jason is on the risk of marital difficulties owing to the companion of his mother after his father’s pass on. To at least allow him some protection he had to live with his grandmother who would spare him the hostility and mistreatment from his mother’s companion. Though he frequently speaks with his mother, Jason has a risk in not being close and attached to his mother and his siblings physically. The poor parent-child communication is quite affecting him. The only protective measure to help him is re-uniting him with his mother and siblings (Cohen et. al, 2010).
The absence of his dear father has put Jason in a family risk. The companion to his father may never give him that vital fatherly love and affection. To protect him from this kind of family risk he all but had to live with his abusive grandmother. Another family risk is his grandmother who is not in any good talking terms with his mother. Jason is torn between his grandmother and rejoining his mother. The only remedy for him is just allowing him reunite with his mother. The other family’s risk is the fact that the grandmother does not want Jason to go back to his mother. This puts the family on the edge of more conflict. If only Mary could address their difference with her daughter, this would at least protect the family from more risks (Cohen et. al, 2010).
In addition, there are environmental and community risks. One, the Manhattan community and luxurious house that Mary hosts Jason in may be a factor to his laziness. The prestige they live in can easily render a child lazy. However, the grandmother is protectively cautious to make him a responsible person. Secondly the environment they live in does not much allow Jason to be so social and risks him being inactive and antisocial. The protection of such a risk is by allowing him attend more of the games, weight training and other public events such that he interacts more. Thirdly, it is quite a risk courtesy of the environment and the community as the only person he calls for manly advice, Mr. B is not a closer one to him. He often not sees him and this makes him lacking owing to the confines of the environment and community (Cohen et. al, 2010).
Specifically, the social issues evident in the case of Jason include the conflict between him and his mother’s companion, between his mother’s companion and Jason’s sibling, between his mother and his grandmother, and the loss of his father. Socially, the conflicts that ensue in this case identify issue in the social policy that one can be adopted lawfully by another person except their parent and legally revoking that guardianship becomes a hard process to procure (Cohen et. al, 2010).
For the administrator to create a program that benefits Jason and the family, he should mind first uniting the family and solving the conflicts that there are already. If there was some trust between the mother and the grandmother, the case would have been different. Also he should bear in mind a program that does not affect Jason mentally and psychologically such that they can maintain a relationship best for Jason’s development (Cohen et. al, 2010).
Carol S. Cohen, Tatyana Gimein, Tara Bulin, & Sharon Kollar, (2010), Real Cases: Integrating Child Welfare Practice Across the Social Work Curriculum, New York City Social Work Education Consortium & New York City Administration for Children’s Services.